Social Enterprise Typology

Motivations

Employment

Businesses that provide employment, training and support for marginalised groups.

Service Delivery

Businesses that create or retain services in direct response to social or economic needs in the community.

Income Generation

Businesses that generate profits to support other community or not for profit organisational activities.

Types

Cooperatives, Associations and Mutuals

Member benefit businesses which are formed to meet defined social needs of members ie childcare, housing.

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Hybrid

Most social enterprises do not neatly fit into the typologies presented, often mixing and matching characteristics from many typologies in order to meet the needs they have been developed to address.

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Fair Trade Organisations

Businesses that exist to benefit producers and workers in developing countries by paying fair prices for products and commodities which they on-sell in developed countries.

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Intermediate Labour Market Companies

Businesses that undertake commercial work in order to train, support and employ disadvantaged job seekers and then transition them into mainstream jobs.

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Charitable BusinessVentures

Commercial businesses established by charities to generate revenue which is reinvested in their charitable purpose.

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Social Firms

Businesses that undertake commercial work in order to create employment for people with a disability.

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Community Enterprise

Businesses set up to provide benefits to the community in which they are located. ie community buy-outs.

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Community Development Finance Institutions

Financial institutions that provide products and services to individuals, organisations and communities who have difficulty accessing mainstream finance.

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Australian Disability Enterprises

Businesses developed to employ people with a disability that are unable to work in mainstream businesses.

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